•   Contact

Home Our results Financial performance

Financial performance

Schiphol Group achieved sound financial results in 2013, mainly due to a further increase in passenger numbers, plus a substantial contribution from international activities. At the same time there was a fall in average passenger spending and market conditions for real estate were challenging, with a reduction in property occupancy rates compared to last year.

Our revenue increased by 29 million euros (+2.2%) from 1,353 million euros in 2012 to 1,382 million euros in 2013.

EUR million




Airport charges








Rents and leases




Retail sales




Parking fees








Services and activities on behalf of third parties




Other revenues




Net revenue




Revenue from airport charges, which made the largest contribution to revenue, increased by 28 million euros (+3.6%) from 788 million euros in 2012 to 816 million euros in 2013. Of this increase, 20 million euros is attributable to Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and was due to a rise in passenger numbers (+3.0%), a slight increase in the number of air transport movements (+0.5%) and a 0.5% increase in airport charges as of 1 April 2013. One third of the airport charges, namely 272 million euros (2012: 267 million euros), relates to Security charges. The three regional airports also realised a combined increase of 9 million euros in revenue from airport charges. This is largely due to a rise in passenger numbers at Eindhoven Airport (+14%) and Rotterdam The Hague Airport (+25%).

The 3 million euro (+2.3%) increase in revenue from concessions, from 136 million euros to 139 million euros, was primarily achieved within the Consumer Products & Services business area. The growth in passenger numbers and the improved average concession percentages more than compensated for the impact of the -4.8% fall in spending at retail outlets after passport control at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol to 15.89 euros per departing passenger. With the exception of spending by passengers travelling to China, spending came under pressure, particularly in the second half of the year.

Despite the lower property occupancy levels, revenue from rents and leases rose by 3 million euros from 151 million euros to 154 million euros (+2.2%). The increase was mainly due to improved agreements regarding the settlement of service costs.

Despite the growth in passenger numbers, revenue from retails sales in Schiphol Group's own retail outlets fell by 2 million euros (-1.3%) from 87 million euros to 85 million euros in 2013 due to the fall in spending per passenger.

Parking revenue increased by 3 million euros (+2.8%) from 96 million euros in 2012 to 99 million euros in 2013. The increase is primarily attributable to the regional airports as a result of the strong growth in passenger numbers. Amsterdam Airport Schiphol continues to face competition from alternative providers of car parking services in the direct vicinity of the airport.

Other income from property

The completion of new buildings which are not fully let and the redevelopment of existing buildings reduced the property occupancy level to 86.3% (2012: 91.8%). Unlike the previous year, the fair value gains and losses were slightly positive on balance, because fair value losses, mainly due to property redevelopment, were compensated for by fair value gains on land holdings.

The fair value gains and losses on the property portfolio amounted to a positive 3 million euros in 2013 (2012: 24 million euros negative, mainly related to Italy). There was no result on sales of property in 2013 (2012: result on sales of 12 million euros due to the sale of a number of properties and plots).

Operating expenses

Operating expenses rose by 20 million euros (+2.0%) from 1,044 million euros in 2012 to 1,064 million euros in 2013.

EUR million




Outsourcing and other external costs




Employee benefits




Depreciation and amortisation








Other operating expenses




Operating expenses




Excluding impairment losses on the property portfolio in both years (17 million euros in 2013 and 32 million euros in 2012, of which 9 million euros was accounted for as other operating expenses), the costs rose by 35 million euros (+3.4%) from 1,012 million euros in 2012 to 1,047 million euros in 2013. This increase is largely due to higher depreciation and maintenance costs as a result of the full commissioning of the 70MB baggage system and accelerated depreciation in connection with renovations related to central security in the non-Schengen area of the terminal.

Operating result

The operating result rose by 25 million euros from 296 million euros in 2012 to 321 million euros in 2013, largely due to a smaller impact from property revaluations, including impairments, partly offset by property sales in 2012.

EUR million








Consumer Products & Services




Real Estate




Alliances & Participations




Operating result




Financial income and expenditure

The net financial expense rose by 7 million euros to 95 million euros in 2013. Total interest expenses remained virtually unchanged at 99 million euros, while the interest income from our share in Brisbane Airport decreased in 2013 to 5 million euros (10 million euros in 2012).

Share in results of associates

The share in results of associates was 51 million euros in 2013, compared to 45 million euros in 2012. The increase was partly due to our 28 million euros share in the result of Brisbane Airport (11 million euros in 2012), mainly as a result of the higher valuation of derivatives and property.

The share in the result of ADP fell by 12 million euros to 22 million euros, largely due to changes in the value of property and a higher tax burden in 2013.

The results relating to JFK IAT (5 million euros) are not shown under the share in results of associates, but are included in the revenue.

Corporate income tax

Corporate income tax amounted to 46 million euros in 2013 compared to 57 million euros in 2012. The effective tax burden in 2013 is 16.5% and thus lower than the effective tax burden in 2012 (22.6%) and lower than the nominal corporate income tax rate (25.0%). The lower effective tax rate is caused by a number of one-off effects. A one-time tax benefit of 8 million euros was recorded due to the retroactive application of the participation exemption on RPS dividends received. In addition, the fall is caused by 7 million euros in non-deductible corporate income tax on impairment losses in 2012 in relation to Italy.

Net result

The net result for 2013 amounts to 227 million euros (2012: 199 million euros). In 2013, the return on equity amounted to 7.0% (6.2% in 2012) and RONA after tax amounted to 6.1% (5.7% in 2012).

Balance sheet developments

Schiphol Group’s balance sheet total rose by 0.7% to 5,828 million euros as at year-end 2013 (5,787 million euros as at year-end 2012). Shareholders’ equity increased by 111 million euros to 3,309 million euros, because of the addition of the net result of 227 million euros for 2013, which was partly offset by the distribution of 109 million euros in dividends and negative movements in the reserves. The movement in reserves was caused primarily by the value movements in the hedge transactions, namely a Japanese yen cross-currency interest rate hedge (21 million euros negative) and two forward-starting swaps (14 million euros positive). Part of the forward-starting swaps was settled in 2013. The balance sheet as at the end of December 2013 includes a remaining current liability regarding the forward-starting swaps of 33 million euros (2012: 106 million euros). The forward-starting swaps were entered into in 2011 in order to fix the interest rate levels at which EMTN loans were to be refinanced and have been refinanced in 2013 and 2014 respectively.

Cash flow developments

The cash flow from operating activities rose by 69 million euros from 399 million euros to 468 million euros in 2013, owing largely to a higher operating result and an improvement in the working capital.

The cash flow from investment activities was 325 million euros negative in 2013 compared with 289 million euros negative in 2012. In 2013, 310 million euros was invested in fixed assets (2012: 298 million euros). The main investments in 2013 were:

  • 41 million euros for central security in the non-Schengen area of the terminal;
  • 37 million euros for major maintenance;
  • 30 million euros contribution towards the roads around Schiphol (A9/A4/N201);
  • 27 million euros for the Hilton hotel;
  • 18 million euros for ICT;
  • 16 million euros for security;
  • 12 million euros for a hotel and the terminal in Eindhoven;
  • 12 million euros for property redevelopment (The Base);
  • 11 million euros for the 70MB baggage programme.

The net cash flow from operating and investing activities – the free cash flow – amounted to 142 million euros in 2013, against 110 million euros in 2012. The cash flow from financing activities was 98 million euros negative in 2013, as opposed to 78 million euros negative in 2012 due to the settlement of the forward-starting swaps. In 2013, 109 million euros was paid out in dividends (2012: 98 million euros). The net cash flow in 2013 amounted to 44 million euros positive (2012: 32 million euros). The net amount of cash balances rose from 445 million euros at year-end 2012 to 489 million euros at year-end 2013.


The total amount of outstanding loans and lease liabilities rose by 49 million euros in 2013, from 1,943 million euros to 1,992 million euros. Schiphol Group has a loan facility of 350 million euros from the European Investment Bank (EIB), of which the remaining portion of 170 million euros was drawn down in July 2013 for the refinancing of a 176 million euro bond loan that expired. Schiphol Group concluded new agreements in September and October 2013 for loan facilities of 200 million euros with the EIB and 150 million euros with KfW IPEX-Bank. As at 31 December 2013, these facilities were undrawn. Furthermore, in the fourth quarter Schiphol Group issued two private placements under its EMTN programme for a total of 70 million euros with a 12-year term. The above facilities were used to repay a bond loan of 371 million euros in January 2014. In addition, Schiphol Group can draw on a total sum of 400 million euros in bank facilities that have not yet been used. Under three committed bank facilities (two EIB facilities and a facility with Handelsbanken for AREB), Schiphol Group must comply with financial covenants (EIB: own funds/total assets of at least 30%; Handelsbanken: maximum loan to value ratio of 60% and a minimum interest cover ratio of 2 for AREB). There are various financing arrangements that contain a change of control clause, usually in combination with a rating covenant. Schiphol Group remained comfortably within the agreed covenants in 2013.

Loan maturity profile
EUR million





> 2018



We use a number of financing ratios as part of our financing policy. The ‘FFO/total debt’ and ‘FFO interest coverage ratio’ are the most important financing ratios. We aim for instance for a 'FFO/total debt' ratio of at least 20%.

FFO – funds from operations – is the cash flow from operating activities adjusted for working capital. The FFO rose from 475 million euros to 493 million euros in 2013. The rise of FFO was mainly the result of an increase in the operating result adjusted, among other things, for write-downs, impairments, other property results and changes in the provisions.

The FFO/total debt ratio amounted to 24.7% in 2013, a slight increase compared with the 2012 figure of 24.5%. Total debt is the year-end balance of all interest-bearing loans. This amounted to 1,992 million euros as at 31 December 2013 (1,943 million euros as at 31 December 2012). The FFO/interest coverage ratio in 2013 was 5.7x, a marginal improvement in comparison with the 2012 figure of 5.6x. In addition to these two ratios, we look at the leverage ratio (ratio of interest-bearing debt to total equity plus interest-bearing debt). This leverage ratio results from the financing policy in place and remains important inasmuch as the Aviation Act uses an assumed leverage of 40% to calculate the weighted average cost of capital (WACC) for the regulated activities of the Aviation business area. As at year-end, Schiphol Group’s leverage was 37.6% (37.8% in 2012).


Standard & Poor's long-term rating was increased in December 2013 from A to A+ with a stable outlook due to a change in the rating method. Moody's long-term rating, A1 with a negative outlook, remained unchanged in 2013. The short-term ratings are P-1 (Standard & Poor’s) and A-1 (Moody’s). A good and stable rating enables us to raise financing on relatively favourable conditions, even under difficult market conditions.