In 2013 Amsterdam Airport Schiphol continued its expansion on the passenger market. The total number of passengers travelling via Schiphol rose by 3% to 52.6 million. This exceeds the growth figure for 2012, in which year passenger numbers increased by 2.6%. In relative terms, we outperformed all of our main European competitors: Londen Heathrow, Paris Charles de Gaulle and Frankfurt. Schiphol thus maintained its position as Europe's fourth-largest passenger airport. Istanbul Airport has shown the strongest growth figures, in 2013 already ranking as Europe's fifth-largest passenger airport.
The number of OD passengers (Origin & Destination passengers using Schiphol as a point of departure or arrival) rose by 1.4% to a total of 30.5 million. The number of transfer passengers grew by 5.4% to 22.0 million, which represents 41.9% of the total number of passengers.
As in previous years, our home carrier KLM and partner airlines with which it has a code-sharing agreement transported by far the largest number of passengers in 2013 and showed the strongest growth in both absolute and relative terms. Together, KLM and its partners transported a total of 35.2 million passengers in 2013, an increase of over 2 million (+6.2%). This growth is mainly attributable to KLM itself.
The low-cost airlines, the second largest segment, saw passenger numbers drop by over 404,000 to 5.4 million (-7.0%). However, this does not mean the traffic was lost: the drop is attributable to the fact that a large number of transavia.com flights formerly operated in the low-cost segment were carried out as code-share flights with KLM in 2013. As a result, these flights moved from the low-cost segment to the hub segment.
July and August proved to be the busiest period of the year: in total, approximately 5.3 million passengers were transported during each of these two months. The number of passengers in July grew by 1.9% compared with last year, while the number of passengers in August rose by 3.8%. In 2013 Schiphol broke its existing record once again; the number of passengers travelling from, to and through the airport during the summer season reached a new peak. 29 July proved to be the year's busiest day, with a total of 182,300 passengers.
Most passengers in 2013 - 35.7 million in total - travelled to and from a European destination; an increase of 2.9% representing a growth of over one million passengers in comparison with the previous year. In relative terms, the Middle East yielded the most substantial growth, with passenger numbers growing by 10.0% to a total of 1.6 million. The North-Atlantic routes to the United States also saw above-average growth of 3.8%, to 5.8 million passengers. The number of passengers travelling to Asia rose by 2%, reaching a total of 4.4 million.
Load factors continue to rise
On average, the aircraft making use of Schiphol in 2013 were larger and had higher load factors. Average seating capacity rose from 155 in 2012 to 157 in 2013. The total number of available seats rose by just over one million to more than 64.3 million, an increase of 1.6%. The average load factor for passenger aircraft continued to rise in 2013, setting a third consecutive annual record. On average, 81.7% of all seats were occupied, compared with 80.6% in 2012.